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Development of Novel Polysaccharide Membranes for GuidedBone Regeneration: In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluations

et al. Naïma Ahmed Omar



Introduction: Guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedures require selecting suitable membranes for oral surgery. Pullulan and/or dextran-based polysaccharide materials have shown encouraging results in bone regeneration as bone substitutes but have not been used to produce barrier membranes. The present study aimed to develop and characterize pullulan/dextran-derived membranes for GBR.

Materials and methods: Two pullulan/dextran-based membranes, containing or not hydroxyapatite (HA) particles, were developed. In vitro, cytotoxicity evaluation was performed using human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs). Biocompatibility was assessed on rats in a subcutaneous model for up to 16 weeks. In vivo, rat femoral defects were created on 36 rats to compare the two pullulan/dextran-based membranes with a commercial collagen membrane (Bio-Gide®). Bone repair was assessed radiologically and histologically.

Results: Both polysaccharide membranes demonstrated cytocompatibility and biocompatibility. Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) analyses at two weeks revealed that the HA-containing membrane promoted a significant increase in bone formation compared to Bio-Gide®. At one month, similar effects were observed among the three membranes in terms of bone regeneration.

Conclusion: The developed pullulan/dextran-based membranes evidenced biocompatibility without interfering with bone regeneration and maturation. The HA-containing membrane, which facilitated early bone regeneration and offered adequate mechanical support, showed promising potential for GBR procedures.


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