Atherosclerosis Plaques vs a new investigating tool
Atherosclerosis is characterized by fatty plaques in large and medium sized arteries.
Their rupture can causes thrombi, occlusions of downstream vessels and critic clinical events.
The investigation of atherosclerotic plaques is difficult becouse of their highly heterogeneous nature.
We propose a resolved approach based on matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry imaging to investigate lipids in specific regions of atherosclerotic plaques.
The method was applied to a small dataset including symptomatic and asymptomatic human carotid atherosclerosis plaques.
Tissue sections of human carotid atherosclerotic plaques were analyzed by MALDI mass spectrometry imaging of lipids, and adjacent sections analyzed by histology and immunofluorescence.
These multimodal datasets were used to compare the lipid profiles of specific histopathological regions within the plaque.
The lipid profiles of macrophage-rich regions and intimal vascular smooth muscle cells exhibited the largest changes associated with plaque outcome.
Macrophage-rich regions from symptomatic lesions were found to be enriched in sphingomyelins, and intimal vascular smooth muscle cells of symptomatic plaques were enriched in cholesterol and cholesteryl esters.
The proposed method enabled the MALDI MSI analysis of specific regions of the atherosclerotic lesion, confirming MALDI MSI as a promising tool for the investigation of histologically heterogeneous atherosclerotic plaques.