How it works?
Senza categoria

Morphopathogenesis of Adult Acquired Cholesteatoma

Et Al. Kristaps Dambergs

Medicina MDPI


The aim of this study was to compare the distribution of proliferation markers (Ki-67, NF-κβ), tissue-remodeling factors (MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-2, TIMP-4), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interleukins (IL-1 and IL-10), human beta defensins (HβD-2 and HβD-4) and Sonic hedgehog gene protein in cholesteatoma and control skin. 

Nineteen patient cholesteatoma tissues and seven control skin materials from cadavers were included in the study and stained immunohistochemically..

Statistically discernible differences were found between the following: the Ki-67 in the matrix and the Ki-67 in the skin epithelium (p = 0.000); the Ki-67 in the perimatrix and the Ki-67 in the connective tissue (p = 0.010); the NF-κβ in the cholesteatoma matrix and the NF-κβ in the epithelium (p = 0.001); the MMP-9 in the matrix and the MMP-9 in the epithelium (p = 0.008); the HβD-2 in the perimatrix and the HβD-2 in the connective tissue (p = 0.004); and the Shh in the cholesteatoma’s perimatrix and the Shh in the skin’s connective tissue (p = 0.000). 

The elevation of Ki-67 and NF-κβ suggests the induction of cellular proliferation in the cholesteatoma. Intercorrelations between VEGF, NF-κβ and TIMP-2 induce neo-angiogenesis in adult cholesteatoma. The similarity in the expression of IL-1 and IL-10 suggests the dysregulation of the local immune status in cholesteatoma. The overexpression of the Sonic hedgehog gene protein in the cholesteatoma proves the selective local stimulation of perimatrix development.


Diapath Lab Talks | Privacy Policy