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Study on the mechanism of Panax notoginseng–Salvia miltiorrhiza herb pair on invigorating blood circulation and eliminating blood stasis by blocking the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandin

et al. Rui Zeng

Journal of Natural Medicines


We combined untargeted and targeted metabolomics to explore the mechanism of blood circulation and blood stasis activation in the traditional Chinese herb pair Panax notoginsengSalvia miltiorrhiza (PS). In this study, the right hind limb of SD rats was struck by a 1 kg weight, causing traumatic blood stasis (TBS) model, then the rats were gavaged with PS (at ratios of 1:0, 0:1, 3:1, 1:1, and 1:3) for 5 consecutive days.

At the end of treatment, blood samples were collected for blood rheology and metabolomics analysis, and muscle tissues of injured limbs were used for HE staining and q-PCR analysis. The results showed that different ratios of PS reduced swelling and improved stasis and blood viscosity in the injured limbs of rats, and intervened in metabolism by modulating 11, 11, 17, 15, and 13 differential metabolites, respectively. The PS (3:1) shows the best treatment effect and the most differential metabolites regression.

Targeted metabolomics shows that PS (3:1) can increase the content of AA, and reduce the content of PGF2-α by down-regulating the expression of enzymes Ptgs1 and Cbrl12 and up-regulating the expression of enzyme Hpgd. These results suggested that the PS herb pair exerts its blood stasis activating effects by blocking the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandins.


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