ZEB2, vital to Maintain the Tissue-Specific Identity
Heterogeneity between different macrophage populations has become a defining feature of this lineage. However, the conserved factors defining macrophages remain largely unknown.
The transcription factor ZEB2 is best described for its role in epithelial to mesenchymal transition; however, its role within the immune system is only now being elucidated.
We show here that Zeb2 expression is a conserved feature of macrophages. Using Clec4f-cre, Itgax-cre, and Fcgr1-cre mice to target five different macrophage populations, we found that loss of ZEB2 resulted in macrophage disappearance from the tissues, coupled with their subsequent replenishment from bone-marrow precursors in open niches.
Mechanistically, we found that ZEB2 functioned to maintain the tissue-specific identities of macrophages.
In Kupffer cells, it achieved this by regulating expression of the transcription factor LXRα, removal of which recapitulated the loss of Kupffer cell identity and disappearance.
Thus, this transcription factor expression is required in macrophages to preserve their tissue-specific identities.